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Quickstart

This section is designed for people familiar with the Provider package who wants to learn about Riverpod.

Before anything, read the short getting started article and try out the small sandbox example to test Riverpod's features out. If you like what you see there, you should then definitively consider a migration.

Indeed, migrating from Provider to Riverpod can be very straightforward.

Migrating basically consists in a few steps that can be done in an incremental way.

Start with ChangeNotifierProvider

It's fine to keep using ChangeNotifier while transitioning towards Riverpod, and not use its latest fancy features ASAP.

Indeed, the following is perfectly fine to start with:

// If you have this...
class MyNotifier extends ChangeNotifier {
int state = 0;

void increment() {
state++;
notifyListeners();
}
}

// ... just add this!
final myNotifierProvider = ChangeNotifierProvider<MyNotifier>((ref) {
return MyNotifier();
});

As you can see Riverpod exposes a ChangeNotifierProvider class, which is there precisely to support migrations from pkg:Provider.

Keep in mind that this provider is not recommended when writing new code, and it is not the best way to use Riverpod, but it's a gentle and very easy way to start your migration.

tip

There is no rush to immediately try to change your ChangeNotifiers into the more modern Riverpod's providers. Some requite a bit of a paradigm shift, so it may be difficult to do initially.

Take your time, as it is important to get yourself familiar with Riverpod first; you'll quickly find out that almost all Providers from pkg:provider have a strict equivalent in pkg:riverpod.

Starts with leaves

Start with Providers that do not depend on anything else, i.e. start with the leaves in your dependency tree.
Once you have migrated all of the leaves, you can then move on to the providers that depend on leaves.

In other words, avoid migrating ProxyProviders at first; tackle them once all of their dependencies have been migrated.

This should boost and simplify the migration process, while also minimizing / tracking down any errors.

Riverpod and Provider can coexist

Keep in mind that it is entirely possible to use both Provider and Riverpod at the same time.

Indeed, using import aliases, it is possible to use the two APIs altogether.
This is also great for readibilty and it removes any ambiguous API usage.

If you plan on doing this, consider using import aliases for each Provider import in your codebase.

info

A full guide onto how to effectively implement import aliases is incoming soon.

You don't have to use Consumer right away

It's important to keep in mind that there is no need to immediately use Riverpod's Consumer APIs.
If you've just started the migration, as mentioned above, you should probably start with ChangeNotifierProvider.

Consider myNotifierProvider, defined above.

Since your inner code is probably depending on pkg:Provider's APIs, use the following to start consuming ChangeNotifiers with pkg:Riverpod.

MultiProvider(
providers: [
ChangeNotifierProvider.value(value: ref.watch(myNotifierProvider.notifier)),
]
)

This way, only the root Widget has to be initially converted into a ConsumerWidget.
This should ease the migration towards pkg:Riverpod even more.

Migrate one Provider at a time

If you have an existing app, don't try to migrate all your providers at once!

While you should strive toward moving all your application to Riverpod in the long-run, don't burn yourself out.
Do it one provider at a time.

Take the above example. Fully migrating that myNotifierProvider to Riverpod means writing the following:

class MyNotifier extends Notifier<int> {

int build() => 0;

void increment() => state++;
}

final myNotifierProvider = NotifierProvider<MyNotifier, int>(MyNotifier.new);

.. and it's also needed to change how that provider is consumed, i.e. writing ref.watch in the place of each context.watch for this provider.

This operation might take some time and might lead to some errors, so don't rush doing this all at once.

Migrating ProxyProviders

Within pkg:Provider, ProxyProvider is used to combine values from other Providers; its build depends on the value of other providers, reactively.

With Riverpod, instead, Providers are composable by default; therefore, when migrating a ProxyProvider you'll simply need to write ref.watch if you want to declare a direct dependency from a Provider to another.

If anything, combining values with Riverpod should feel simpler and straightforward; thus, the migration should greatly simplify your code.

Furthermore, there are no shanenigans about combining more than two providers together: just add another ref.watch and you'll be good to go.

Eager initialization

Since Riverpod's providers are final global variables, they are lazy by default.

If you need to initialize some warm-up data or a useful service on startup, the best way to do it is to first read your provider in the place where you used to put MultiProvider.

In other words, since Riverpod can't be forced to be eager initialized, they can be read and cached in your startup phase, so that they're warm and ready when needed inside the rest of your application.

A full guide about eager initialization of pkg:Riverpod's providers is available here.

Code Generation

Code generation is recommended to use Riverpod the future-proof way.
As a side note, chances are that when metaprogramming will be a thing, codegen will be default for Riverpod.

Unluckily, @riverpod can't generate code for ChangeNotifierProvider.
To overcome this, you can use the following utility extesion method:

extension ChangeNotifierWithCodeGenExtension on Ref {
T listenAndDisposeChangeNotifier<T extends ChangeNotifier>(T notifier) {
notifier.addListener(notifyListeners);
onDispose(() => notifier.removeListener(notifyListeners));
onDispose(notifier.dispose);
return notifier;
}
}

And then, you can expose your ChangeNotifier with the following codegen syntax:

// ignore_for_file: unsupported_provider_value

MyNotifier example(ExampleRef ref) {
return ref.listenAndDisposeChangeNotifier(MyNotifier());
}

Once the "base" migration is done, you can change your ChangeNotifier to Notifier, thus eliminating the need for temporary extensions.
Taking up the previous examples, a "fully migrated" Notifier becomes:


class MyNotifier extends _$MyNotifier {

int build() => 0;

void increment() => state++;
}

Once this is done, and you're positive that there are no more ChangeNotifierProviders in your codebase, you can get rid of the temporary extension definitively.

Keep in mind that, while being recommended, codegen is not mandatory.
It's good to reason about migrations incrementally: if you feel like that implementing this migration while transitioning to the code generation syntax in one single take might be too much, that's fine.

Following this guide, you can migrate towards codegen as a further step forward, later on.